[Tidbit] Weiqi Study Method and Overview of Study Content


Weiqi Study Method and Overview of Study Content
围棋的学习方法和学习内容概述
by Fang Tianfeng 方天丰 8p

When learning weiqi you must first determine the goal of your study. If you only want to learn the rules of the game, it will only take 10 minutes. If you want to know a bit more knowledge and some tactics and strategies, it’ll probably take 40 hours. And if your interest continues and you want to become a good amateur player, even more time is needed, perhaps similar to the amount of time needed to learn Further Mathematics. If you still have determination and confidence to achieve the level of a professional player, you will not only need to spend even more time, but will also need factors such as the right studying environment, a sufficiently knowledgeable teacher, personal talent, tournament participation opportunities, etc. For school students, this type of goal is obviously inappropriate. Hence, before you begin to study weiqi, first determine your goal for learning. Then learn the needed weiqi knowledge according to your personal goal. This is the shortcut to learning weiqi.
学习围棋首先需要确定学习目标,如果只是想学会怎么下,那么只要十几分钟就可以了;如果想略微知道一些围棋的知识和技战术,大约就需要学习40个学时;如果还有兴趣,想成为业余好手,所需要的时间就更多了,大约相当于学习《高等数学》所需的时间;如果还有决心和信心,想具有职业棋手的围棋水平,那么不但需要花费更多的时间,还和学棋环境、老师水平、个人才能、比赛机会等因素有关。对在校学生来说,这个目标显然是不合适的。因此,学习围棋前,先确定自己的学习目标,根据自己的目标,学习相关的围棋知识,这是学习围棋的捷径。

What You Can Learn on Your Own
可以自学的内容

Joseki: Refers to the correct way to play the corners during the opening. The way to learn is to focus on memorizing. After a while you are allowed to forget. But during the study period, not only should you memorize how each joseki is played out, but also the advantages of the result. For each joseki you should learn at least 3-5 variations or perhaps even a dozen variations. For some joseki, you may need to learn even more variations. Most joseki will start with a basic shape and the related variations will blossom from the basic shape.
定式部分:定式是指布局阶段双方在角部的正确下法。学习方法是集中熟背;过一段时间后允许忘记;学习的时候不但要记住这个定式怎么走,还要记住结果的优劣,在对局中怎样应用等等相关的内容。一个定式少则3-5手;多则十几手;偶尔也有手数更多的,一般由一个基本形开始,繁衍出相关的变化。

Life and Death: Refers to the problem of life and death of a group of stones in a local situation. There are two ways to learn and practice this:
(1) First look at the answer and memorize it repeatedly
(2) Do the problem by yourself and then compare with the answer
死活部分:指局部一块棋的生死问题;学习方法有两种:
(1)先看答案,反复熟记。
(2)自己先做题目,然后对照答案。

Tesuji: Refers to the ingenious ways of combat. Learn and practice these the same as you would Life and Death.
手筋部分:指局部作战中的巧妙手段。学习方法同死活部分。

Endgame: Refers to the value of a move during the endgame stage. Learn and practice by memorizing the commonly seen sequences and fully grasp the methods of endgame calculation.
官子部分:指官子阶段一手棋的价值。学习方法是常见的需要记熟,其余的掌握计算方法。

Game Records Section: Most games are recorded and some have commentaries. Beginners can benefit from memorizing game records. Higher level players can just look at the records.
棋谱部分:一盘棋的对局记录,有些配有解说。初学者要求背。水平高了之后,可以看。

The Necessary Environment for Learning and Practicing
应该有的学习环境

Games: You need to play against those with similar levels of skills with each game lasting around 1 to 2 hours.
对局:需要有水平差不多的对手,每盘棋用时1-2小时。

Review: Refers to reconstructing the game from the beginning once again. If you can develop the habit of reviewing every game, it will provide a great boost to your go skills. During a review, you can discuss in depth with your opponents each other’s thoughts on the games and the gains and losses encountered. From experience, it is even better if you have a teacher to review the game.
复盘:指把下过的棋重新摆一遍。养成每盘棋都复盘的习惯,对棋艺帮助很大;在复盘中可以和对手探讨想法和得失,总结经验,最好能有老师指点。

The Content Which Requires a Teacher to Learn and Practice
需要向老师学习的内容

Fuseki: Mainly to talk about how to think about fuseki, the choice of joseki, and strategic considerations
布局:主要讲布局思路、定式的应用 和战略方面的内容。

Middlegame: Mainly to talk about the opportunities, direction of play and tactical considerations of a game.
中盘:主要讲作战的时机方向和战术等方面的内容。

Judgment of Gains and Losses: Judgment on the pros and cons of different variations within a game is the most difficult skill in weiqi and is the key to the differences in strength between different players.
得失的判断:对一个局部变化优劣的判断,是围棋技术最难的地方,也是水平高低的关键。

Judgment of the Wholeboard Situation: How to judge the pros and cons of the wholeboard situation and how to choose the right actions based on such judgment.
全局形势的判断:怎么判断棋局形势的优劣,并根据形势,做出相应的对策。

The Mental Game: Regarding the psychology of the game
对局心态:涉及对局心理方面的内容。

Attitude in Life: Regarding how one should view the world
人生的态度:涉及世界观的内容。

[Original Chinese text by Fang Tian Feng 8p as presented in the 2003.07 issue of Weiqi Tiandi
原文是方天丰八段写的,出自《围棋天地》2003年第7期]

Advertisements
This entry was posted in Interesting Tidbits. Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to [Tidbit] Weiqi Study Method and Overview of Study Content

  1. Practise says:

    tchan, this tidbit is amazing and fuels my delusions of one day achieving 1p, with some direction!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s